Growing Common Herbs

Helpful Hints for Growing Herbs

A: annual
B: biennial
P: perennial
WP: woody perennial
B: bright
LS: light shade
S: shade
D:dry soil
M: moist soil
R: rich
WD: well drained
C: cuttings
D: division
SF: seed (fall)
SS: seed (spring)
H: hardy
HA: hardy annual
HH: half hardy
T: tender
Common Name Scientific Name Type Light Soil Height Propagation Hardiness Tip
Angelica Angelica archangelica B LS M 72 SF H Best in cool climates
Anise Pimpinella anisum A B WD 18-24 SS HH Alkaline soils.
Basil,sweet Ocimum basilicum A B M 18 SS T Excellent for pots.
Bay, sweet Laurus nobilis WP LS WD 48+ C T For containers. Topiary.
Borage Borago officinalis A B D 24-36 SS HA Often self-seeds.
Caraway Carum carvi B B WD 30 SS, F H Thin seedlings to 8″
Catnip Nepeta cataria P B,LS WD 36 SS, D, C H Cut back in autumn.
Chervil Anthriscus cerefolium A LS WD 24 SS HA Sow early, will self-seed.
Chives Allium schoenoprasum P S, LS D 10 SS, D H Can be grown indoors.
Cicely,sweet Myrrhis odorata P LS R 36-48 SF H Space 2 feet apart.
Comfrey Symphytum officinale P B R 36-48 D H Neutral pH, high fertility.
Coriander Coriander sativum A B R,WD 24 SS HA Space plants 8 inches apart.
Dill Anethum graveolens A B R,WD 24-36 SS HA Do not plant with fennel.
Fennel,sweet Foeniculum dulce P B WD 48-72 SS, D H Less vigor in clay soils.
Horehound Marrubium vulgare P B 24 SS, D, C H Alkaline soils.
Hyssop Hyssopus officinalis P B D 24 SS, D, C H Cut back in spring.
Lavender Lavandula angustifolia P B D 18-24 SF, C H Evergreen. May winter-kill.
Lemon Balm Melissa officinalis P B,LS M 18-24 SS, D, C H Can be grown indoors. Weedy.
Lemon Verbena Aloysia Triphylla WP B,LS WD 48+ SS, C HH Rarely survives winter. Good in doors.
Lovage Levisticum officinale P B,LS R,M 36-60 F H Self-seeds
Marjoram,sweet Origanum majorana P B,LS R,WD 8-12 SS,C HH Grow in pots. Sow seeds as annual.
Myrtle Myrtus communis WP B WD 60+ C T Evergreen, for large containers.
Oregano Origanum vulgare P B,LS WD 18-24 SS, D, C H Cut back in late fall.
Parsley Petroselinum crispum B B,LS R,M 6-10 SS HH Often self-seeds.
Peppermint Mentha piperita P B,LS M 12-24 D, C H Spreads easily. Good indoors.
Rosemary Rosemarinus officinalis WP B D,WD 36 C T Alkaline soils. Good in pots.
Sage Salvia officinalis WP\ B D,WD 24-36 SS, C H Replace plants every 5 years.
Sage,pineapple Salvia elegans P B WD 24-48 SS, C HH Good indoors.
Savory, summer Satureja hortensis A B R 18 SS HH Trim back during season.
Savory,winter Satureja montana WP B WD 24 SF, D, C H Alkaline soil.
Spearmint Mentha spicata P B,LS M 18 D, C H Spreads easily. Good indoors.
Tarragon Artemisia dracunculus P R,D 24 D, C H Needs winter protection.
Thyme Thymus vulgaris WP B D 6-10 SS, C, D H Evergreen. Grows indoors.
Woodruff,sweet Asperula odorata P S,LS M 6-8 D, C H Good